Cardiology

We have a visiting peripatetic cardiologist who has provided excellent cardiology services at Oakwood for many years. Please contact us if you require information

Mike Holgate scanning a patient

 

 

 About The Facilities

In the investigation of cardiac disease a number of modalities may be employed to complete the ‘jigsaw’ which leads to a final diagnosis. The specific modalities may vary from case to case.

History & Physical Examination

A full history and examination are essential to quantify and document the nature of disease and provide a shortlist of probable diagnoses.

ECG

Essential for diagnosis and quantification of arrhythmias, ECGs may also provide some         information regarding chamber size, drug toxicity and electrolyte imbalance.

Radiography

The definitive diagnostic test to define cardiac failure especially left sided failure. In addition evidence of chamber enlargement, pleural effusion and lung parenchymal changes may only be evident on X-ray.

Blood Pressure Monitoring

Especially to detect hypertension, often seen in older cats and some dogs, where specific hypotensive therapy may dramatically improve quality of life and prevent end-organ damage, for example renal damage, retinal haemorrhage and left ventricular hypertrophy.

Bronchoscopy (CT)

Respiratory cases are investigated using either 3.7mm or 7.8mm bronchoscopes, and increasingly CT scan.

Echocardiography

Ultrasonography has revolutionised veterinary cardiology, allowing visualisation of cardiac and valvular motion, detection of valvular abnormalities and abnormalities of the outflow tracts, and to visualise abnormal masses including vegetative endocarditis and intra-cardiac tumours.  Doppler Echocardiography allows the detection and measurement of abnormal flow and is vital for the assessment of some congenital defects and their suitability or otherwise for surgery. Echocardiography allows us to measure wall thickness and wall motion to enable the definition of both the nature and severity of disease in feline and canine cardiomyopathies.

Haematology, Biochemistry & Other Laboratory Tests

May be indicated in both diagnosis e.g hyperthyroidism, electrolyte disturbances; and in monitoring disease e.g response to drug therapy, renal parameters affected by vasodilators, and monitoring serum drug levels. Biomarkers including NT pro-BNP and troponin I tests are more recent adjuncts to blood testing.

Why Refer? – Advantages To Your Patients And Your Clients

Client satisfaction is enhanced by the ease with which further diagnostics can be obtained. We know that patient’s quality of life and, according to increasing evidence, life expectancy, can be increased by accurate diagnosis, treatment and follow up.

Advantages To You

Patients can obtain a full cardiac work-up allowing accurate definition of disease processes and allowing optimal, rather than empirical, treatment. With current therapy using both veterinary licenced and, where required, licenced human preparations, patient’s quality of life and therefore client satisfaction is enhanced. Reports are generated and sent by surface mail and e-mail, usually within 3 working days. Telephone advice regarding cases is available without obligation.

 

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